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Egyptian Deities

A list of the Egyptian Deities (A-Z), and the links on to my researches to each one of Them. In it I will include the Gods (Names of Netjer) and the helpers or other spirits (Netjeri), such as Ammit, Four Sons of Heru, and so…

aka. – also known as.
Acknowledge that this list may be incomplete, as it is the Gods (Names of Netjer) or Netjeri that I heard about, and Egypt had about 2000 or something like that. Acknowledge also that the Deities were known by many names, so not all may be included here. By this ackowledgements you need to know that I may update the list, with informations I receive.

Thank you.

The list:

  • Aker;
  • Amentet (aka. Imentet);
  • Ammit (aka. Ammut);
  • Amun (aka. Amon, Amen);
  • Amunet (aka. Amaunet, Amonet);
  • Anhur (aka. Onuris);
  • Anput (aka. Anupet, Yineput or Input);
  • Anuket (aka. Anukis);
  • Ape/p (aka. Apophis, name cutted to avoid bad heka);
  • Apis (aka. Hapis, not to be confused with Hapi (Nile God), nor Hapi (son of Heru));
  • Arsaphes (aka. Heryshaf or Herishef);
  • Aset (aka. Isis or Ast);
  • Aten (aka. Aton);
  • Babi (aka. Baba);
  • Banebdjedet;
  • Bast (aka. Bastet);
  • Bat;
  • Bes;
  • Beset;
  • Buchis;
  • Djehuty (aka. Thoth);
  • Duamutef (son of Heru);
  • Dunanwy;
  • Geb;
  • Ha;
  • Hapi (aka. Hapy, not to be confused with Apis, nor Hapi (son of Heru));
  • Hapi (aka. Hapy, not to be confused with Apis, nor Hapi (Nile God));
  • Hatmehyt (aka. Hatmehit);
  • Hauhet;
  • Hededyt (aka. Hedetet);
  • Heh;
  • Heka;
  • Hemen;
  • Henet (aka. Henut);
  • Heqet (aka. Heket);
  • Heru (aka. Horus, some forms: Heru-sa-aset, Heru-wer, and such);
  • Hesat (aka. Hesis);
  • Hethert (aka. Hathor);
  • Horit;
  • Hu;
  • Iah (aka. Yah or Aah);
  • Ihy;
  • Imsety (son of Heru);
  • Ipy;
  • Iunyt;
  • Iusaas (aka. Iusaaset);
  • Kauket;
  • Kebehwet (aka. Kebechet);
  • Kebehsenuef (son of Heru);
  • Kek;
  • Khensut;
  • Khepera (aka. Khepri);
  • Kherty;
  • Khnum;
  • Khonsu;
  • Ma’at (aka. Maat or Ma’et);
  • Mafdet;
  • Mahaf;
  • Mehen;
  • Mehenyt;
  • Mehet-Weret;
  • Mehyt  (aka. Mehit);
  • Menhyt (aka. Menhit);
  • Meret;
  • Meretseger;
  • Meskhenet;
  • Mestjet;
  • Mihos (aka. Maahes);
  • Min;
  • Mnevis;
  • Montu;
  • Mut;
  • Naunet;
  • Nebthet (aka. Nephthys);
  • Nefertum (aka. Nefertem);
  • Nehebkau (aka. Nehebu-kau);
  • Nehmetaway;
  • Nehy (aka. Neheh);
  • Neith (aka. Net);
  • Nekhbet;
  • Nemty (aka. Anty or Anty);
  • Nepry (aka. Neper);
  • Nu (aka. Nun);
  • Nut;
  • Pakhet;
  • Ptah;
  • Qadesh (aka. Qetesh);
  • Ra (aka. Re);
  • Raet (aka. Raettway or Raet-Tawy);
  • Renenutet;
  • Repyt (aka. Triphis);
  • Reret;
  • Sah;
  • Satis (aka. Satet);
  • Sekhet;
  • Sekhmet;
  • Serket (aka. Serqet);
  • Seshat;
  • Set (aka. Seth or Sutekh);
  • Shai;
  • Shed;
  • Shesmetet;
  • Shesmu (aka. Shezmu);
  • Shu;
  • Sia;
  • Sobek (aka. Sebek);
  • Sokar (aka. Seker);
  • Sopdet (aka. Sothis);
  • Soped (aka. Sopdu);
  • Tabithet (aka. Ta-Bitjet);
  • Tapshay;
  • Tatenen;
  • Tawertet;
  • Tayet;
  • Tefnut (aka. Tefenet);
  • Tem (aka. Atum);
  • Tjenenet (aka. Tenenet);
  • Tutu;
  • Wadjet (aka. Uadjet);
  • Wadj-wer;
  • Wedjarenes;
  • Wekh;
  • Weneg;
  • Wenpy;
  • Wenut (aka. Unut);
  • Wenty;
  • Wepwawet;
  • Werethekau (Goddess or just a epithet of Aset, for me, just the epithet, but I see that some people consider it a Goddess);
  • Wesir (aka. Osiris);
  • Wosret;
  • Yinepu (aka. Anubis, Anpu or Anup).

You may also know that the Egyptians had also foreign Gods and Goddesses that came from Nubia, Levant, and so..

Acknowledge that I may be wrong, but from what I searched these are foreign gods worshiped in Egypt.

This list of foreign Gods and Goddesses worshiped in Egypt:

  • Anat;
  • Apedemak;
  • Arensnuphis;
  • Ash,
  • Astarte (aka. Ishtar);
  • Ba’al (aka. Baal);
  • Ba’alat Gebal;
  • Dedwen (aka. Dedun);
  • Mandulis;
  • Reshep;
  • Serapis;
  • Yamm (aka. Yam).

And.. The Egyptians had, what we may call heroes, like Imhotep or Amenhotep, son of Hapu. But, I didn’t put these here to confuse haha And because, I don’t have much information on those.

If I forgot any deity that you know and isn’t here, please let me know!! Thank you.

Aten, “Sun’s Disk”

Sorry for the time I was absent, but I hope you enjoyed your holidays! So.. Talking about this deity.. I’ve seen that there is a religion, called Atenism, which He is the only god, like the Christian God to the christians and catholics. For me that was a misheard from the part of the paraoh who said it, but I don’t really know.. He may be seen as a form of Ra, for representing the sun, or even Heru or Shu.

Acknowledge that I’m writing from what I’ve searched under the internet, and had written in my studies book. So.. I don’t have the sources, but I wanted to let you know that there ARE sources. I just don’t have the links and such. Sometimes I use Henadology. Other times I use Wikipedia. Many times the book: The Complete Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Egypt by Richard H. Wilkinson. But I always put the name on Google and search about The name on many websites.
Acknowledge as well, that I may be wrong, and, if it happens, let me know!!

Thank you. Let’s start:

 

Aten, or even Aton, meaning “Sun’s Disk”, was, as His name meaning says it, the disk of the sun. Originally He was an aspect (some say the obscure aspect) of the sun god, Ra. But later He was seen more like a God in a monolatry, not monotheism, because Akhenaten never denied the existence of other gods, He just worshiped only Aten.

“The deified Aten is the focus of the religion of Atenism established by Amenhotep IV, who later took the name Akhenaten (died ca. 1335 BCE) in worship and recognition of Aten. In his poem “Great Hymn to the Aten“, Akhenaten praises Aten as the creator, giver of life, and nurturing spirit of the world. Aten does not have a Creation Myth or family, but is mentioned in the Book of the Dead. The worship of Aten was eradicated by Horemheb.”

– Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aten

Now a next quote that I find very interesting..

“The Aten was worshipped in the open sunlight, rather than in dark temple enclosures, as the old gods had been. However, far from being open to the people, only Akhenaten (and his family) could connect with the god. In the Hymn to the Aten, Akhenaten states “there is none who knows thee save thy son Akhenaten”. Perhaps unsurprisingly, excavations at Akhetaten (Armarna) have indicated that the ordinary people did not take to the new religion but continued to worship the old gods in private.”

– Ancient Egypt Online, http://www.ancientegyptonline.co.uk/amarnareligion.html

I didn’t found almost anything about Him before Akhenaten.. After Akhenaten is that things about the Atenism, and I won’t put that here written but I will leave links (you can just insert Aten in google, I know, but I prefer to put them here) that you may learn more about this so called Atenism religion and about Aten Himself:

aten

aten_ankh_hands2

Aset, “The Throne”

I’m more than happy to talk about this Goddess. I may even make more posts about Her.

Acknowledge that I’m writing from what I’ve searched under the internet, and had written in my studies book. So.. I don’t have the sources, but I wanted to let you know that there ARE sources. I just don’t have the links and such. Sometimes I use Henadology. Other times I use Wikipedia. Many times the book: The Complete Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Egypt by Richard H. Wilkinson. But I always put the name on Google and search about The name on many websites.
Acknowledge as well, that I may be wrong, and, if it happens, let me know!!

Thank you. Let’s start:

 

Aset, more known by Her greek name Isis, meaning “The Throne”, was one of the most important deities in the Ancient Egypt. She was one of the most known, although there are many misconceptions because of the change of Her name and things of the kind, for me, regarding the Greeks.

She haves many forms and aspects, as well as myths, that I will talk about each one:

  • Sister-Wife of Wesir (Osiris): So.. According to the theology, they’re siblings and married to each other. Set wanted to rule the Egypt, but this was the role of Wesir, He got jealous (resuming) and He killed His brother, Wesir. Aset found His body (with the help of Her sister, Nebthet), although She didn’t find the phallus. With Her magic, She ressurected Wesir and made a phallus to concieve Heru;
  • Mother and Protector of Heru (Horus): One of Aset‘s more known aspect is the one of Her being the Ideal Mother in Egypt. Heru had many dangers when He was born, and Aset protected Him. He once had a scorpion sting, Aset healed Him;
  • “Great of Heka” (Magic, in English): Her most known role is the one that She is the Great of Heka (Werethekau). We have already seen this in the myth where Wesir died and She ressurected Him. We have seen this in the Heru scorpion sting, as well..;
  • Aset and the Secret Name of Ra: This is a myth, not so known as the ressurection of Wesir, or things of thing, but an important one, of course. Aset sent a snake to bit Ra, to He reveal His secret name to Aset. At first, Ra was just saying the titles everyone knew of Him, but, when the pain became stronger, He told His secret name, the source of all His power. Aset, with the secret name of Ra, healed Him;
  • There are many, may be I’ll post more in the future hehe. This was to give you a idea of Her.

She was syncretized with many, but many, goddesses, with other pantheons, as well.

I have some sources, as I did my research to know more about this Goddess:

  • Fiercely Bright One: This one was so helpful. And in this site there is information on other Gods besides Aset, although, Aset is the one that is more information. You go to “Egyptian Gods” and then in “Aset“, you will find many things;
  • Wepwawet Wiki: Of course we have to have the wepwawet wiki!! Here we find many things, especially the offerings;
  • E-shrine to Her: My friend just created this e-shrine in tumblr to Her. I just wanted to show you, because it’s new, and it’s Kemetic! So..true information haha;
  • Henadology;
  • Per-Auset: This page on the blog with some more information, as well as some invocations and prayers at the end.

I’ve talked to many devotees of Her in the Netjer Forum, as well.. But that was how to start worshiping Her, hehe. She is not like a quiet Name. She gave me many signs. If you want to offer Her something, She will accept it (except pork or fish), especially if it is high-quality or if you put a lot of effort to it, if you do it yourself, as well.. She likes actions, but She will accept offerings as food or non-food items.

If you want to build a shrine for Her, it has to be just Her, or if it is with other Gods She has to have something different, big, She likes to feel “special”. (I guess.)

Will you find more information on the links I provide. now I’ll just leave 2 of Her images.. One She has the throne in Her head, in the other She has wings, as well as the symbol of the cow goddess, Hethert (Hathor). They had somehow many things in common.

200px-isis-svgisis-the-egyptian-goddess-facts

Arsaphes, “He Who is Upon His Lake”

There’s not much on this deity but I’ll leave a good link about Him. Just have to say that the name I’m referring to is the Greek one, but His kemetic name is Heryshef. My problem haha.

Acknowledge that I’m writing from what I’ve searched under the internet, and had written in my studies book. So.. I don’t have the sources, but I wanted to let you know that there ARE sources. I just don’t have the links and such. Sometimes I use Henadology. Other times I use Wikipedia. Many times the book: The Complete Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Egypt by Richard H. Wilkinson. But I always put the name on Google and search about The name on many websites.
Acknowledge as well, that I may be wrong, and, if it happens, let me know!!

Thank you. Let’s start:

 

Arsaphes, or even Heryshaf or Herishef, meaning “He Who is Upon His Lake”, was a ram god. He was an ancient creator and a fertility god.

“In Ancient Egypt he was associated with Ra and Osiris and was sometimes described as the “Ba” (soul) of these gods. He was also associated with Atum because of his connections with the sacred naret tree of Hwt-nen-nesu. However, the Greeks called him Harsaphes or Arsaphes (which means “manliness”) and identified him with Heracles, perhaps in part because his name could also mean “He who is over strength”.”

– Ancient Egypt Online, http://www.ancientegyptonline.co.uk/heryshef.html

The good link that I have about Him, if you’re interested in Him, is this. Hope to be helpful.

harsaphes

Apis, the Bull

I didn’t find the meaning of His name, then in the title I put: the Bull. Although, Apis is not the only Bull God.

Acknowledge that I’m writing from what I’ve searched under the internet, and had written in my studies book. So.. I don’t have the sources, but I wanted to let you know that there ARE sources. I just don’t have the links and such. Sometimes I use Henadology. Other times I use Wikipedia. Many times the book: The Complete Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Egypt by Richard H. Wilkinson. But I always put the name on Google and search about The name on many websites.
Acknowledge as well, that I may be wrong, and, if it happens, let me know!!

Thank you. Let’s start:

 

Apis, or even Hapis, not to be confused with Hapi (son of Heru), nor Hapi (the Nile god), was a bull god. Apis may be seen as the manifestation of Ptah, as well, or even Wesir when Ptah and Him merged.

“When an Apis bull died, the body was embalmed and buried with full honours in the manner befitting royalty . The animal was carefully embalmed and mummified before being interred in the “Serapeum” in a stone sarchophagus that could weight over 60 tons.

The Festival of the Apis Bull lasted for seven days. The sacred bull was led through the streets as the people cheered. According to legend, any child who smelled the breath of the Apis would be able to read the future as the Apis was thought to be a powerful oracle.”

– Ancient Egypt Online, http://www.ancientegyptonline.co.uk/bullcult.html

 

“The bull had to be black, with a white triangle on his forehead and wing-like markings on his back, a mark like a scarab under his tongue and the hair of his tail divided into two strands.”

– Henadology, https://henadology.wordpress.com/theology/netjeru/apis/

apis-sculpture-kal503

Ape/p, “He Who is Spat Out”

So.. This isn’t any god. It’s not worshiped but if you’re learning kemetic deities, you need to know about the Uncreated, as well..

Acknowledge that I’m writing from what I’ve searched under the internet, and had written in my studies book. So.. I don’t have the sources, but I wanted to let you know that there ARE sources. I just don’t have the links and such. Sometimes I use Henadology. Other times I use Wikipedia. Many times the book: The Complete Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Egypt by Richard H. Wilkinson. But I always put the name on Google and search about The name on many websites.
Acknowledge as well, that I may be wrong, and, if it happens, let me know!!

Thank you. Let’s start:

 

Ape/p, greek name: Apophis, maybe meaning “He Who is Spat Out”, was the force of the Uncreated, he would destroy both good and evil. The name meaning comes from the creation of Ape/p, which it has been said that Ape/p was spatted out from Nit, accidentally, while She was creating the universe.

Ape/p is an enemie of the Gods, especially Ra. Lives in the subterranean by day, but in night tries to kill Ra, but can never do it by the help of the other Gods. Being imortal, Ape/p rebirths every day to go and try to kill Ra.

The egytpians had a concept that they named heka, which is reffered as magic, is about authoritative speech. Ape/p‘s name was crossed out to avoid bad heka, to not give Ape/p more strenght.

Ape/p is depicted as a snake:

apep

Anuket, “Embracer”

This Goddess may be seen as the Aswan form of Nebthet (Nephthys), Anuket being the “local form” or as a separate deity of Nebthet.

Acknowledge that I’m writing from what I’ve searched under the internet, and had written in my studies book. So.. I don’t have the sources, but I wanted to let you know that there ARE sources. I just don’t have the links and such. Sometimes I use Henadology. Other times I use Wikipedia. Many times the book: The Complete Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Egypt by Richard H. Wilkinson. But I always put the name on Google and search about The name on many websites.
Acknowledge as well, that I may be wrong, and, if it happens, let me know!!

Thank you. Let’s start:

 

Anuket, or even Anukis or Anqet, meaning “Embracer”, was a goddess associated with the Nile waters. She was also a hunting goddess and She was loved as a deity protector on child-births.

Some of Her epithets are: “Giver of Life”, “Nourisher of the fields” and “She who shoots forth”, this last one in reference to the flooding.

She is usually depicted as:

200px-anuket-svg

Anput, “Female Yinepu”

I just wanted to say that I didn’t found the meaning of Her name, but She is the female Yinepu, so.. if you would take the meaning out of His name, it would be “Royal Child”.

Acknowledge that I’m writing from what I’ve searched under the internet, and had written in my studies book. So.. I don’t have the sources, but I wanted to let you know that there ARE sources. I just don’t have the links and such. Sometimes I use Henadology. Other times I use Wikipedia. Many times the book: The Complete Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Egypt by Richard H. Wilkinson. But I always put the name on Google and search about The name on many websites.
Acknowledge as well, that I may be wrong, and, if it happens, let me know!!

Thank you. Let’s start:

 

Anput, or even Anupet, Yineput or Input, was the female counterpart of Yinepu. She was a goddess who presided the 17th nome (district) of Upper Egypt. There is no more information on Her than “the female counterpart of Yinepu”, but I have a resource so good for jackal gods. And I’ll leave the link here and some quotes on Anput..

The site is the Per-Sabu (a great place for you to learn more on many jackal deities). Here are some quotes on this site’s view on Anput.

“She is best known for her appearance on one of the famous Menkaure triad statues, where she is depicted as a woman with the Cynopolis nome emblem over her head. This emblem itself is of a couchant jackal with feather. Most sources cite her as having been more or less ‘invented’ to give Anubis a female counterpart (I hesitate to say wife or consort) to be in keeping with the theology of the time.  But given the fact that statuettes of Anubis as a jackal are often mysteriously without indication of male gender, which goes against the norms of the way ancient egyptians depicted animals, it has been theorized that he himself may originally have been female and still retains a certain ambiguity. So in an interesting twist, it may be Anupet who came first. Of course it may also have been that they always existed as a pair, with Anubis venturing much further afield than Anupet. She seems to have stayed very close to the XVIIth nome, likely worshipped as a local protectress.”

– Per-Sabu, http://www.per-sabu.org/anupet.html

 

“At her reappearance in Ptolemaic Dendera, Anupet appears both as a canid standing on her back legs, wielding knives within her front paws, but also as a similarly armed jackal-headed figure. (Interestingly she is not depicted in the standard goddess way.) The texts at Dendera really drive home her viciously protective nature. When not equipped with knives, she is equipped with teeth, both allowing her to butcher the enemies of Osiris. Here are two examples: ‘You are Anupet, motionless on your belly, with teeth sharpened to ravage the Mischievous One.’ / ‘Words spoken by Anupet, the bitch who barks against all who come with evil intentions, who cuts up the Wicked One in the back, so that he falls to the ground and so that he never exists again: “I have taken apart Yash by driving a knife into his back.”‘ ”

– Per-Sabu, http://www.per-sabu.org/anupet.html

 

“She sometimes acts within the role of Shentayet (the Widow), punishing those who murdered Osiris but also guarding his sarcophagus against any who would harm him further. She seems to have a particular connection with knives and cutting, which may not be purely for butchering; They may play a part in various rites of initiation as well. She is the feral she-jackal, both ruthless huntress and nurturing mother.

In my personal experiences of her, I definitely see her as being the true twin sibling of Anubis. (Much moreso than Wepwawet actually.) They have different roles and are by no means mirror images of each other, but their essence and nature is very similar. I’ve mostly come to know her as a shadowy assassin, who slips through shadows and avenges misdeeds. She also strikes me as being fairly territorial and certainly not adverse to running off trespassers or anyone looking to cause trouble. In that regard she and Anubis are very similar indeed as he is just as protective of his domains and wards. ”

– Per-Sabu, http://www.per-sabu.org/anupet.html

Per-Sabu has also a list of Her functions and iconography. I recommend you to go there and see what this site offers on Her, as well as other jackal deites (Yinepu, Wepwawet, and more..).

Her image (She is the one on the right of the statue):