Comparing to the past names, this was, for now, the one which I found the most information. And.. that’s good hehe
Acknowledge that I’m writing from what I’ve searched under the internet, and had written in my studies book. So.. I don’t have the sources, but I wanted to let you know that there ARE sources. I just don’t have the links and such. Sometimes I use Henadology. Other times I use Wikipedia. Many times the book: The Complete Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Egypt by Richard H. Wilkinson. But I always put the name on Google and search about The name on many websites.
Acknowledge as well, that I may be wrong, and, if it happens, let me know!!
Thank you. Let’s start:
Amun, or even Amon or Amen, meaning “the Hidden One”, was one of the eight Gods and Goddesses that formed the Ogdoad of Hermopolis. He and Amunet, his consort, were the invisible part on the Ogdoad. However, in the Middle Kingdom, He was adopted in Thebes as the king of the Gods with Mut, his consort. Amunet is a form of Mut for many, for others they’re two goddesses completely different, I will tell you more about it on the next post of the next deity, Amunet. He and Mut, had Khonsu, a moon god. Also Amun was also adopted in the Ennead, when He merged with Ra to become Amun-Ra.
I’m going to talk about some of His forms and add some of His epithets.
- First I wanted to let you know of a Epithet of Him that has to do with all others, and this is: Amun asha renu “Rich in Names”;
- “Hidden One” and “Mysterious of Form”, a concealed god:
This is His form on the Ogdoad. This aspects were primary to His nature;
- Amun kematef “Amun Who Has Completed His Moment” and “Self-Created One”, a creator and primeval god:
There is a myth that He was self-created, that he was born from Himself, He does not have parents. Also, this is another form of Him on the Ogdoad, because all Gods and Goddesses of the Ogdoad were self-created and each one of the couples had their meaning;
- Amun kamutef “Bull of His Mother”, a fertility god, Amun-Min:
Ithyphallic form of Him. In this form he conveys the sexual energy of the bull, and, by this, He and Min merged creating Amun-Min.
- Amun-Re nesu netcheru “Amun-Ra, king of the Gods”, king of the Gods:
“Lord of the Thrones of the Two Lands”, Amun, which is the concealed, merges with Ra, which is the visible sun, forming Amun-Ra.
- Other epithets should be “Lord of the Limit”, “Eldest of the Gods of the Eastern Sky”, “that which is concealde”, and many more..
He was also a god of air.
“As god of air, Amun came to be associated with the breath of life, which created the ba, particularly in Thebes. By the First Intermediate Period this had led to him being thought of, in these areas, as the creator god, titled father of the gods, preceding the Ogdoad, although also part of it.”
– Wepwawet Wiki http://wepwawet.org/wiki/index.php?title=Amen
In the Ogdoad the male deities were represented with a frog head, and so, Amun was depicted in this form when He was with the Ogdoad.
“The sacred animal of Amun was originally the Goose, and like Geb, he was sometimes known as the “Great Cackler”. Later, Amun was more closely associated with the Ram, a symbol of fertility. At various times he also sometimes appears as a man with the head of a frog, the head of a uraeus, the head of a crocodile, or as an ape. However, when depicted as a king, he wears the crown of two plumes, a symbol borrowed from Min, and often sits on a throne. In this form, he is one of nine deities who compose the company of gods of Amen-Ra”
– Tour Egypt site http://www.touregypt.net/featurestories/amun-re.htm
He is depicted anthropomorphically with two plumes above His head and with an ankh and a was spectre. Here I leave His image.